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《Chinese Critical Care Medicine》 2003-03
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Clinical study on the antioxidant effect of methylene blue in vivo

LIANG Min,WEI Xiaobin,WU Aizhen,HUANG Yuhuan.Department of Anesthesiology,Haikou People's Hospital,Haikou 570208,Hainan,China  
Objective:To investigate the relationship of oxygen free radical(OFR) with peroxidative injury of erythrocyte induced by intravenous procaine in vivo and the effect of methylene blue(MB) in removal of nitric oxide (NO) and peroxynitrite (ONOO-).Methods:Forty patients undergoing elective surgery were divided randomly into intravenous procaine anesthesia(IPA) group and fentanyl group.Blood sample was taken before anesthesia(T0),120 minutes(T1) and 180 minutes(T2) after IPA and 30 minutes after treatment with MB( 12 mg/kg,T3) to determine the changes in the levels of NO,OFR,lipid peroxide (LPO),superoxide dismutase (SOD),catalase (CAT),NADHCyt b5reductase (Cyt b5R) and methemoglobin (MHb). Results:Compared with T0,the levels of NO,OFR,LPO,MHb in IPA group were significantly increased at T1,T2.At same time SOD,CAT and Cyt b5R were significantly decreased.NO,OFR,MHb,SOD,CAT and Cyt b5R were all reduced to the normal levels at T3.No changes in any determined parameters in fentanyl group during anesthesia.Conclusion:It is indicated that the metabolites of procaine consist of a large quantity of NO:ONOO-,producing peroxidative injury to erythrocyte.MB is effective in eliminating OFR in vivo,protecting tissue cells.It may act as an antioxidant drug in the treatment of critical illness.
【Fund】: 海南省自然科学基金资助项目 ( 2 0 0 0- 80 0 10 )
【CateGory Index】: R363
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