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《Journal of Plant Resources and Environment》 2015-04
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Responses of nitrogen and phosphorus contents in seedlings of Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis and Cunninghamia lanceolata to simulated nitrogen-sulfur depositions

DU Kun;GONG Qinwen;LIN Yongming;WU Chengzhen;HONG Wei;LI Jian;Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,College of Forestry;Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University,Key Laboratory of Fujian Forest Ecosystem Process and Management of Fujian University;College of Ecology and Resources Engineering,Wuyi University;  
Simulated nitrogen-sulfur depositions by CO( NH2)2and Na_2SO_4,changes in total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents in root,stem,leaf and whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf of Eucalyptus urophylla S. T. Blake × E. grandis Hill ex Maiden and Cunninghamia lanceolata( Lamb.) Hook.seedlings after nitrogen-sulfur single and complex deposited for six months were compared by two factorsthree levels method. On this basis,the correlations in total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents among organs and between organs and whole plant were analyzed. The research results on E. urophylla × E.grandis show that under single nitrogen deposition condition with low and high levels( 50 and 100kg·hm- 2·a- 1),total nitrogen content in organs and whole plant is significantly higher than that of the control,N∶ P ratio in leaf is also higher than that of the control,while total phosphorus content in organs and whole plant is not generally significantly different to that of the control. Under conditions of single sulfur deposition with low and high levels( 15 and 30 kg · hm- 2·a- 1) and nitrogen-sulfur complex deposition,total nitrogen content in organs and whole plant,total phosphorus content in whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf are mostly significantly higher than those of the control,while total phosphorus content in organs is not significantly different to that of the control. The research results on C. lanceolata show that under single nitrogen deposition condition with low and high levels,total nitrogen content in stem,leaf and whole plant is significantly higher than that of the control,that in root is lower than that of the control,total phosphorus content in organs and whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf are not significantly different to those of the control. Under single sulfur deposition condition with low and high levels,total nitrogen content in root,leaf and whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf are mostly significantly higher than those of the control,while total nitrogen content in stem and total phosphorus content in whole plant are significantly lower than those of the control,and total phosphorus content in organs is not significantly different to that of the control. Under nitrogen-sulfur complex deposition conditions,total nitrogen content in organs and whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf are mostly significantly higher than those of the control,while total phosphorus content in organs and whole plant is not significantly different to that of the control. From the view of change ranges of total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents in whole plant and N∶ P ratio in leaf,the response of total nitrogen content in whole plant of two tree species to nitrogensulfur complex deposition is the strongest. In addition,under nitrogen-sulfur deposition conditions,there is generally no significant correlation in total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents among organs of two tree species,only total phosphorus content in root and leaf of E. urophylla × E. grandis appears significantly positive correlation. While,total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents in organs and whole plant of E. urophylla × E. grandis appear significantly or extremely significantly positive correlation,total nitrogen and total phosphorus contents in leaf and whole plant of C. lanceolata,and total phosphorus contents in its stem and whole plant all appear significantly positive correlation. It is suggested that under short-term nitrogen-sulfur deposition condition with a certain level,nitrogen and phosphorus contents in seedlings of two tree species all increase,in which,the response effect of nitrogen content to nitrogensulfur complex deposition is the strongest,and that of phosphorus content to single nitrogen deposition is the strongest. The response effect of E. urophylla × E. grandis to nitrogen-sulfur deposition is stronger than that of C. lanceolata,and its growth limiting elements appear the trend of changing from nitrogen limit to nitrogen-phosphorus common limit.
【Fund】: 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20123515110011);; 福建省科学技术厅重大专项项目(2012NZ01)
【CateGory Index】: S792.39;S791.27
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