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《Journal of Plant Resources and Environment》 2015-04
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Effect of simulated acid rain with different acidities on photosynthetic characteristics of two broad-leaved trees in Jinyun Mountain of Chongqing

TANG Xiaofen;WANG Bin;WANG Yujie;WANG Yunqi;College of Soil and Water Conservation,Beijing Forestry University;  
Taking 2-year-old seedlings of Neolitsea aurata var. glauca Yang and Polyspora speciosa( Kochs) B. M. Barthol. et T. L. Ming grown in Jinyun Mountain National Nature Reserve of Chongqing as experimental materials,effects of simulated acid rain with different p H values on gas exchange parameters,light response curve and light response parameters of leaf were researched,and resistance of two tree species to simulated acid rain was compared. The results show that all gas exchange parameters and light response parameters of leaf of P. speciosa are generally higher than those of N. aurata var.glauca. With reducing of p H value of simulated acid rain,net photosynthetic rate( Pn),stomatal conductance( Gs) and transpiration rate( Tr) of leaf of N. aurata var. glauca decrease gradually and are generally significantly lower than those of the control( simulated acid rain with p H 5. 6). Pn,Gs and Tr values of leaf of P. speciosa under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0 are significantly lower than those of the control,while those under simulated acid rain with p H 3. 5 are significantly higher than those of the control. Effect of simulated acid rain with different p H values on water use efficiency of leaf of two tree species is generally not significant. Light response curve of leaf of two tree species after treated by simulated acid rain with different p H values is obviously different from that of the control. Compared with the control,the maximum net photosynthetic rate( Pmax),light saturation point( LSP) and apparent quantum yield( AQY) of leaf of N. aurata var. glauca generally decrease significantly and light compensation point( LCP) increases significantly after treated by simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0,p H 2. 5 and p H 3. 5,and its dark respiration rate( Rd) under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0 and p H 3. 5 is significantly higher and that under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 5 is significantly lower than that of the control. Pmaxand LSP values of leaf of P. speciosa under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0 and p H 2. 5 are significantly lower and those under simulated acid rain with p H 3. 5 are significantly higher than those of the control,its LCP and Rd values under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 5 and p H 3. 5 are significantly lower and those under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0 are higher than those of the control,and its AQY value under simulated acid rain with p H 2. 0,p H 2. 5 and p H 3. 5 is lower than those of the control. It is suggested that simulated acid rain with stronger acidity( p H 2. 0 and p H 2. 5) can inhibit photosynthesis of two tree species,while simulated acid rain with weaker acidity( p H 3. 5) has a certain promotion effect on photosynthesis of P. speciosa,which indicating that resistance of P. speciosa to acid rain is comparatively stronger than that of N. aurata var. glauca.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31100515);; 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20110014120001)
【CateGory Index】: S718.43;X517
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5 HU Yue;ZHANG Qian;SUN Dong-bin;SUN Yu-wei;ZHANG Xiu-li;SUN Guang-yu;College of Life Science,Northeast Forest University;;Effects of simulated acid rain on diurnal changes of mulberry( Morus alba) photosynthesis[J];草业科学;2015-11
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