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《Science & Technology Information》 2015-20
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Cloud Science Revolution: Leap from Science 3.0 to Science 4.0

Liu Yidong;The Institute for History of Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
The paper examines the development process of science and technology from the following two perspectives,one is the demand and their satisfaction of scholars,the other is the current context that the binding of science,technology,economy and society becomes more and more close, and the paper divides the development of science and the evolution of scientific forms into science1.0,science2.0 and science3.0,it points out that the leap from science3.0 to science4.0 will be impending, and we can be called it Cloud Science Revolution.In comparison with the previous forms,science4.0 has six new features: excellent scholars oriented,the method of open evaluation,open forms of fund allocation and academic assessment, determinism of academic leader and frontier scholar responsibility system,scientific research system based on networks/platforms, enterprization of knowledge production and marketization of academic research.Open evaluation method is the initial step of Cloud Science Revolution, the paper still further probes into three specific plans,so to reflect the chances and changes brought by the Cloud Science Revolution.
【CateGory Index】: F204;TP393.0
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【Citations】
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