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《Chinese Mental Health Journal》 2011-11
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Linking self-differentiation and mental health in lower-grade college students with different genders: Moderating roles of self-esteem

YAO Yu-Hong1,2,LIU Liang3,ZHAO Xu-Dong1 1Medical Department,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China 2Psychological counseling center of Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China 3Shanghai mental health center,Shanghai Jiaotong University school of medicine,Shanghai 200025,China  
Objective: To explore the association between the self-differentiation and mental health of lower-grade college students from the gender perspective,and to identify the moderating role of self-esteem in this link.Methods: Totally 1069 freshmen and sophomores were sampled.They were assessed with the self-compiled demographic questionnaire,Rosenberg' s Self-esteem Scale(SES),Differentiation of Self Inventory(DSI),and Mos 36-item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36).Results: Male students reported higher scores on mental health dimension of SF-36 and lower scores on SES than female students(Ps0.01).Male students scored higher on the "Fusion with others(FO)","I-Position(IP)" and "Emotional reactivity(ER) " scales of DSI than female students(Ps0.001).No significant difference was found in the "Emotional cutoff(EC)" scores between genders.For both genders,mental health scores were positively correlated with DSI four subscale scores(r=0.36-0.49,Ps0.001)while negatively correlated with SES scores(r=-0.45,-0.39,Ps0.001).For female students,self-esteem was found to moderate the link from IP to mental health(β=0.59,P0.01).Conclusion: Male students have higher level of self-differentiation and self-esteem,and better mental health than female students in this sample.The self-differentiation level of lower-grade college students may affect their mental health,with better self-differentiation better mental health.Lower self differentiated girls who have lower self-esteem may be at higher risk to confront with mental health problems.
【Fund】: 上海市教育委员会、上海市教育发展基金会“阳光计划”课题(10YG19);; 同济大学“面向二十一世纪教育振兴行动计划”——家庭系统动力学量化测评及干预研究
【CateGory Index】: B844.2
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