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《Occupation and Health》 2013-18
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Analysis on epidemic characteristics of scarlet fever in Changping District of Beijing from 2003-2012

WANG Rui-qin;CAI Xu;LIU Zhong-cheng;LI Hong-tong;SUI Ji-lin;TANG Ya-qing;Changping Center for Disease Control and Prevention;  
[Objective]To understand the epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Changping District of Beijing from 2003-2012,provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control.[Methods]Combined with epidemic data of scarlet fever,etiological surveillance and demographic data,a descriptive statistical analysis was conducted.[Results]A total of 1 764 scarlet fever cases were reported in Changping District during 2003-2012,the average annual incidence rate was 19.80 / lakh,and the difference in annual incidence rate was statistically significant(χ2= 674.02,P 0.01).The incidence rate showed an increasing trend in recent 10 years.The epidemic cycle was about 5 years,and the incidence rate reached the peak in 2011.The peak season occurred in winter,as well as the end of spring and the beginning of summer.92.14% of cases were children aged 3-10 years old.Most of patients were students and children,which accounted for 98.70% of all cases.Male patients were more than female patients.The incidence rates were high in the towns and streets with mass floating population and high population density.The positive rate of Group A beta hemolytic was 5.46%.[Conclusion]Children aged 3-10 years old are the susceptible population of scarlet fever,while nurseries and schools are the key places of scarlet fever prevention.The management of streptococcus infection,tonsillitis cases and angina cases should be strengthened.
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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