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《Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae》 1981-02
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Investigation of the Radioactive Etiological Factors of Lung Cancer among Miners

Zhang Jingyuan, Wang Xiehua, Huang Xinhui, Yang Heli and Dai Guangfu(Institute of Radiomedicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences )Dong Yonglin and Li Jiaxiang(Institute of Labour Hygiene, Certain Company of Yunnan )  
During some epidemiological investigations undertaken by certain company in Yunnan, it was discovered that the mortality of lung cancer among underground miners was 16.97 times that of the above-ground control and was of apparent occupational character. The content of radioactive radium in mineral was 19 times higer than that in rock and served as a chief source of radon. The average cumulative exposure dose of radon daughters calculated from 294 cases of lung cancer among miners was 790 WLM per miner. The average content of 210Pb in rib detected from 25 rib samples was 1.25pCi 210Pb/g wet bone, being 6.6 times that of the control. Authors suggested that radon and radon daughters were chief causative factors of lung cancer among miners.
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