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《Technology for Earthquake Disaster Prevention》 2015-03
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Extraction and Analysis of Building Damage Caused by Nepal MS8.1 Earthquake from Remote Sensing Images

Wang Xiaoqing;Huang Shusong;Ding Xiang;Cui Liping;Dou Aixia;Li Yiwen;Institute of Earthquake Science,China Earthquake Administration;College of Life Science, Nanjing Agricultural University;  
Nepal MS8.1 earthquake, occurred on April 25, 2015, has caused great catastrophic deaths, injuries and economic losses. By processing and analyzing pre- and post-earthquake high resolution remote sensing images,combined with the field survey, the building structure types and their damages were interpreted. Then the distribution map of building damage in the disaster area was compiled and analyzed. The results show that, the spatial distribution of building damage exists obvious influence of the combination of different structures such as stone, masonry and RC frame buildings, the locations of main event and strong aftershocks, as well as the distribution of active faults in the disaster area. The seriously collapsed areas are mainly located surrounding the epicenters of main event(MS8.1) and strong aftershock(MS7.5). But these two regions are separated in space. Those residential areas with very few buildings collapsed are large enough into one region. The damage of building is generally slighter, but wider in the direction(SSW) perpendicular to the rupture fault, then the most historical large earthquakes with MS8 or greater. The characteristic is in agreement with the fact that the rupture along the low angle plan of the active fault as the boundary between the Eurasian and Asian plates, which is the basic tectonic background of the Nepal MS8.1 earthquake, is nearly parallel to the earth's surface and then it demonstrates a specific wider and lower distribution of the energy of seismic ground motion on earth surface.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(41404046);; 中国地震局地震预测研究所基本科研业务费专项(2013IES010106)
【CateGory Index】: P315.7
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