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《Chinese Journal of Practical Ophthalmology》 2006-09
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Effects of bifocals on amblyopia in children cataract after implantation of intraocular lens

WANG Xiao-li,CHEN Xiao-hu,DAI Yan. Department of Ophthalmology,Mianyang central hospital,Mianyang 621000, China  
Objective To observe the effects of bifocals on amblyopia in children cataract after implantation of undercorrected IOL (intraocular lens). Methods To divide quasi-randomly 19 cases(22 eyes)with IOL into two groups.10 cases (12 eyes), with implantation of under correction 1 to 2 diopters of IOL, worn bifocals postoperative in group A. 9 cases (10 eyes),implanted with full correction of IOL,put on single vision glasses in group B. The common amblyopia treatments were carried out to treat all cases.Visual acuity and refractive error were carried out to treat all cases. Visual acuity and refractive error were followed- up postoperative 1 week, 1 month,3 months, 1 year and 2 years. Results All amblyopic eyes were different degree of amblyopia postoperative 1 week and the refractive errors of children in group A and gruop B were (+1.67 ± 0.92)D, (-0.34 ± 0.68)D respectively.In the two years of postoperative, the refractive errors of chil- dren in group A and group B were(+0.7 ± 0.62)D, (-1.41 ± 0.78)D respectively.The corrected visual acuity of patients in the group A were 0.56 ± 0.20, that of patients in the group B were 0.61 ± 0.25, the differences between group A and group B were not significant. Conclusions Pediatric pseudophakic eye still has a trend to myopia.The implantation of undercorrection IOL combined with bifocals postoperative does not affect to treat amblyopia.
【CateGory Index】: R779.66
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