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WANG Wen-jie;YE Jun-ying ( Anhui Academy of Geological Survey, Hefei 230001, China; 2 Hefei Academy of Exploration, Hefei 230061, China )  
The ancient mining history is long for Anhui Province. The human activity traces and ape-men of the Old Stone Age were found in Fangehang County and Hexian County, respectively. The stone axes and the Yuchi Temple site of the New Stone Age were unearthed sparately in Feidong County and Mengcheng County. The Bronze Age of pottery from the Shang Dynasty was discovered in Hefei. The Muyushan copper - mining site in the Shizishan copper mine and the Jinjingdong gold - mining site in the Fenghuangshan copper mine can be traced back to the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period in Tongling City, respectively. After entering the Iron Age, copper, gold and marble were utilized in the Warring Stales. The copper from Danyang where gold and gypsum were also mined was famous in the whole state of the Weatern Han Dynasty. The copper of Tongling and placer iron of the Dabie Mts were mined in both the Western Han and Eastern Han Dynasties. The mining was developing slowly from the Eastern Han to the Northern and Southern Dynasties. By the Sui and Tang Dynasties mining was prosperous. It kept developing in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The capitalist mining appeared in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
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