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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2012-15
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Orthogonal Test on Cultural Factors for Giant Strains Originating from Hongda(Nicotiana tabacum) Mutant

XU Xing-yang et al(Yunnan Tobacco Company Kunming Branch,Kunming,Yunnan 650051)  
[Objective] The purpose was to study the effects of main cultural factors on giant strains originating from Hongda mutant.[Method] Field experiment on the cultural factors of nitrogen application dosage,remained leaf number and planting density for giant mutant strains originating from Hongda of flue-cured tobacco variety was carried out through orthogonal design L16(45)) with four levels.[Result] The results showed that effects of three cultural factors affecting tobacco leaf yield and output value was in order: planting density nitrogen application dosage remained leaf number.The optimal cultivation combination obtained high yield and output value was as follows: planting density 16500 plants per ha,nitrogen application dosage 90 kg per ha and remained leaf number 30 leaves per plant,its yield increased more than 37.2% and output value more than 24.8% compared with control.The major "giant" features had emerged for the mutant lines after being transplanted 70 d.As this time,the average natural plant height was 91.1 cm,total leaves number per plant was 27.5,stalk circumference was 13.3 cm,the maximum waist leaf length was 72.6 cm and the maximum waist leaf width was 30.7 cm.The giant mutant lines had stable agronomic characters and possessed a biological basis for high yield and stable yield.[Conclusion] The study provides a reference for exploring and utilizing giant mutant strains originating from Hongda deeply.
【Fund】: 中国烟草总公司重点资助项目(110200801017)
【CateGory Index】: S572
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