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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2012-15
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Effects of Water Retaining Agent under the Condition of Gravel Mulched Ground and Water-Saving Supplied Irrigation in Ningxia Arid Zone

HE Jin-yu et al(School of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering,Ningxia University,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750021)  
[Objective] The research aimed to check that the water retaining agents had the good effects in melon increasing production.[Method] Effects of two kinds of water retaining agents under gravel mulched and water-saving supplied irrigation were studies by using field experiments and testing analysis.[Result] Under the gravel mulched land for three years and water-saving supplied irrigation,the soil water contents of surface layer in seedling stage could be improved 1.40% in absolute value and 9.86% in relative value by using the water retaining agent.The soil water content of surface layer in period of blossom and fruit could be improved 1.94% in absolute value and 15.16% in relative value.By using the water retaining agent,the sprouting of the melon could bring forward 1-4 days,the whole growth period of melon could bring forward 5-8 days,and the number of the leaves on one plant could increase 22.88% compared with the control group.Compared with no water retaining agent,the application of the water retaining agent could increase melon yield 450-1 275 kg/hm2,and 980 kg/hm2 in average.The range of increasing yield was from 3.5% to 9.9%,and the rate of increasing yield was about 7.6% in average.By regression analysis,the recommending application rate of water retaining agent was 75-90 kg/hm2,which might get the maximum of protein yield.[Conclusion]Applying water retaining agent could get positive effect of soil moisture storage,promoting melon growth and increasing production.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划课题(2007BAD54B01);; 国家自然科学基金项目(50769007);; 教育部高等学校博士点科研基金项目(20060749001)
【CateGory Index】: S482.99
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