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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2012-15
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The Variation Rule and Anomaly Features of the Available Precipitation in the Growth Period of Crops in the Middle and Southern Part of Ningxia

ZHANG Zhi et al(Ningxia Meteorological Information Center,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750002)  
[Objective] The aim was to study the available precipitation and its abnormal characteristics during the growth period of crops in the middle and southern part of Ningxia.[Method] Through Takahashi's evaporation equation,linear trend analysis,Mann-Kendall,Lepage,wavelet analysis,the characteristics of available precipitation and its abnormal characteristics during its growth period in Ningxia were analyzed based on monthly precipitation(March-September),temperature,and NCAR/NCEP reanalysis data in 9 observation stations from 1961 to 2010.[Result] In recent 50 years,the available precipitation during the growth period of crops in central drought area and south hilly area varied a lot,more in the south and less in the north.The available precipitation in these two areas was reducing and varied a lot in different ages.The available precipitation was less in the middle drought region after 1970s and in the southern hilly region after 1990s and the available precipitation in middle drought area changed significantly.The available precipitation in the two areas appeared in July,August,and September,above 76% of general growth period,while that in March,April and May was 14% lower than that in growth period.No abrupt changes in central drought area and south hilly area.There were the periods of 5-7a and 2-3a oscillations in the middle drought region,2-3a and 10-12a oscillations in the southern hilly region.There were negative anomaly field at 500hPa height in high-precipitation years between the Baikal and the China's northwestern,and there were positive anomaly field in low-precipitation years.[Conclusion] The study provided reference for the reasonable utilization of available water resources in middle and southern Ningxia.
【Fund】: 国家自然基金项目(40965008);; 中国气象局气候专项(CCSF2011-26)
【CateGory Index】: S161.6
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