Malpractice in the enforcement of social security policies in the Ming Dynasty
DAI Wei-dong (College of Sociology, ANU, Wuhu 241000, China)
Social security policies in the Ming Dynasty's mainly refers to sending relief to the famine areas, supporting the aged,and consoling bachelors, widows, the poor and the disabled people, and giving preferential treatment to the officers and the soldiers. However, malpractices arose in the enforcement of the social security policies, such as inefficiency in relieving famine areas,few of the aged supported corruption in the management of relief houses, and disparity among the consoled offices and soldiers, and so on. The paper reveals the incompleteness of social security policies and the underlying causes for the change of the regime in the Ming Dynasty.