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Wang Kaiyun's RestorationThoughts and Literary Self-Consciousness

JING Xian-li(School of Humanities and Social Sciences,Fuzhou University,Fuzhou 350002,China)  
Wang Kaiyun's restoration thoughts were always considered to be against the current,but it is not the case.He insisted that the emotions expressed in a poem should attach importance to the gorgeous writings breaking away from Confucian poetics and embodied the developmental direction more typically than other classical genres of the time.In fact,even for the later new genres of the poems,his thoughts were also more excellent in the aspect of understanding the essence of literature.So according to the current criterion,Wang Kaiyun's self-conscious research on the essence of poetry,i.e.the emotions expression and aesthetic character,has surpassed his times in a certain degree.We can regard the period from the Wei and Jin Dynasties to the Ming and Qing Dynasties as a whole and study the whole course of the literary self-consciousness from this angle of view.People in the Ming and Qing Dynasties got insights into lyric and aesthetic characters of the Six Dynasties poetry,which is a course of new self-consciousness in literature,culminating at Wang Kaiyun.
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