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Records of Family Pedigree: Another Treasure of Recording Chinese Historical Culture

LUAN Cheng-xian(Institute of History,Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing 100732,China)  
Records of family pedigree is mankind's rational cognition of its propagation and the compiling of the records has formed historical memory of Chinese nation,playing a significant role in national cohesion.Shiben,a representative of records of family pedigree in the pre-Qin days,is one of the main sources of compiling official history and plays an important role in Ancient Chinese historical books.There are a variety of records of family pedigree,rich in content,so they can be regarded as comprehensive records of family history and the flaw is the lack of women's data.The abuse of compiling records is to seek connections with celebrities and nobilities when tracing back to ancestors.But there are still some mature works which do not seek connections with ancient celebrities and focus on the facts,which is the main school in Chinese ancient compiling.Take a factual and realistic attitude towards the records of family pedigree.All kinds of them in great number are one of the precious treasures of Chinese culture.As one of three documentary systems,records of family pedigree contain rare historical materials that cannot be found in other documents.Thus,they can be viewed as another treasure of recording Chinese historical culture.
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