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《Journal of Anhui Normal University(Hum.& Soc.Sci.)》 2019-01
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Composition and Trend of Labor Force Participation in Urban China——Evidence from Micro Household Survey

XU Min-bo;LI Shi;Business School,Beijing Normal University;  
We examined the structure and trend of labor force participation(LFP)rates in urban China based on the five selections of microdata from the Chinese Household Income Project(CHIP).Accoring to "gender-age",labor force participation choice and its change pattern were discussed in terms of youths(16-25),prime-aged(females of 26-45 and males of 26-55),and middle-ageed and the elderly(females of 46-60 and males of 56-60)respectively.The findings are:For the working-age population as those aged 16 to 60,the overall LFP rate was 73.2 percent in urban China by 2013,among which the female LFP rate is 64.5 percent and the male LFP rate is 82.2 percent,respectively.The life-cycle characteristic of labor participationis obvious:For youths,the decline of LFP rate was most noticeable,largely due to education expansion in decades.The prime-aged individuals were impacted by the family structure in labor market decisions with gender differences.For the middle-aged and the elderly,family structure influences women's decision of retirement,but has no obvious effect on men.Meanwhile,assuming that participation rate within the group remained constant,based on the population structural changes,we predict that the overall LFP rate might continue declining and reach 69.6% by 2030.
【Fund】: 北京师范大学“收入分配与劳动力市场”学科交叉项目(312231104)
【CateGory Index】: F249.2
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