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《Journal of Anhui Normal University(Natural Science)》 2012-01
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Microclimate's Affection on the Composition of Plant Community on Southern and Northern Slope of Purple Mountain

CHENG Yin-rui1,ZHANG Xiao-ping2(1.College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241000,China;2.College of Life Sciences,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241000,China)  
By monitoring the temperature and humidity at the elevation of 300m on southern and northern slopes of Nanjing Purple Mountain,this article discovered the different microclimates on different slopes: on southern slope,it is warm and dry;on northern slope,it is cool and damp.In summer,the discrepancy in temperature can reach to 2.6℃,the discrepancy in humidity is 6%.The composition of dominant plant communities at the elevation of 300m on southern and northern slopes indicated that,plant communities on the two slopes have similar dominant species and companion species.Among them,Castanopsis and Ligustrum are major composition of evergreen species;Quercus and Liquidamba are dominant deciduous species.However,occasional species on the two slopes are obviously different.By analyzing the relationship between microclimate and community composition comprehensively,this article pointed out,though faint differences in microclimate have no effect on communities' dominant and companion composition,it has obvious effect on occasional species: on southern slope,most occasional species are drought enduring species that love warm climate;on northern slope,most occasional species are hardy species that love moisture.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30840020 30970292)
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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