Characteristics and Its Driving Mechanism of Service Agglomeration in the International Cultural Tourism Demonstration Area of the Southern Anhui Province
YANG Xing-zhu;WANG Qun;College of Geography and Tourism,Anhui Normal University;
With the arrival of the new economy and the post industrial society,urban development has undergone an evolution from industrial economy to service economy. Taking the International Cultural Tourism Demonstration Area of the Southern Anhui Province as an example,by means of spatial Gini coefficient,location quotient,factor analysis and multiple linear regression method,service agglomeration in demonstration area was measured,evolution characteristics were analyzed,and the causes of agglomeration were explored. The space Gini coefficient of the four types of service industry was generally low and the development was more balanced in the demonstration area from 2003 to 2010. The consumer service industry and distributive service industry showed significant aggregation characteristics from 2011 to2015. There was a slight increase in the spatial agglomeration of the productive service industry,and the distribution of social service industry presented a homogeneous trend. The 14 service industries showed different characteristics of spatial agglomeration. From the static point of view,The highest concentration of services in 2015 was the accommodation and catering industry,culture,sports and entertainment industry,residential services and other services,transportation,warehousing and postal services From the dynamic point of view,except for education,water conservancy,environment and public facilities management,all other services are in the stage of agglomeration development. The relative professional index in the core area of the demonstration area was relatively high. The consumption service industry in Huangshan City was relatively professional,while the degree of specialization in other cities was relatively low. The phenomenon of service regional division in the demonstration area had appeared,and the"Ma Wu Tong"and the core area of the demonstration area had been formed. Each city had formed a relatively different professional industry,and showed the characteristics of different industries. Based on factor analysis and multiple linear regression model,4 influencing factors,including market demand,innovation,human capital and urban development,were identified,which had positive explanatory power on the agglomeration of service industry in the demonstration area. The market size effectively promoted the service industry agglomeration. The innovation was the driving force for service agglomeration. The technological innovation and information technology had led to the advanced structure of service industry. The information and traffic facilities could effectively reduce the transport cost and the transaction cost. The human capital have played an important role in promoting the service agglomeration. The urban development was closely related to the service industry agglomeration. The urbanization were the accelerators of the service industry development.