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《Anhui Journal of Preventive Medicine》 2011-01
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The Baseline Investigation In Health Education And Health Promotion Program Of Diabetes Patients In Urban Community Settings Of Anhui Province

WANG Zhi-min,ZHONG Xue-feng,JI Guo-ping,WANG Xiao-yan,ZHANG Lian-zhi(Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Hefei,Anhui,230601,China)  
Objective To learn the status of the related knowledge and the self-management among diabetes patients in urban communities of Anhui province,and provide evidence for the health education.Methods Physical examination and questionnaire survey were conducted in 365 diabetic patients who were selected by cluster sampling.Results The levels of blood pressure(BP,134.62±15.03/82.65±9.09mmHg),waist/hip ratio(WHR,men:0.92±0.53,women:0.86±0.10),glycosylated hemoglobin A(HbAlc,7.68±1.36),fasting plasma glucose(FPG,7.92±3.78 mol/L),postprandial plasma glucose(PPG,11.61±3.88 mol/L) and so on were higher than the normal level except body mass index(BMI,23.65±3.82 kg/m2).The basic knowledge rate of diabetes was 63.6%,the knowledge rate about insulin was only 19.0%.80.7% Patients had a better drug compliance,and only 6.0% had better behaviours in blood sugar monitoring.The higher the accurate rate of diabetes-related knowledge,the better the behaviours were.The total score of objects in the attitude of self-management,self-efficacy,social support was 45 points,and the average scores of them were 27.75±6.38,35.30±4.70,and 30.91±7.45 respectively,and there were significant differences in beliefs among objects with different behaviours(P0.001).Conclusion Glycemic controling of objects was poor,and the related indicators were higher than the normal control value,the awareness rate of diabetes-related knowledge was lower,especially the knowledge about insulin,and the behaviours were relatively poor in blood sugar monitoring.So health education of diabetes patients in urban community settings should be enhanced to improve the level of their self-management.
【CateGory Index】: R587.1
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