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《Journal of Ankang University》 2012-06
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On Types of Evolution of Finals and Tones in the Mixed Dialect in the South of Shaanxi

ZHOU Zheng(Department of Chinese,Ankang University,Ankang 725000,Shaanxi,China)  
This paper mainly discusses types of evolution of finals and tones in the mixed dialect in the south of Shaanxi.According to the contact relationship,dialects in the south of Shaanxi can be divided into four parts:Zhongyuan Mandarin and Jianghuai Mandarin;Zhongyuan Mandarin and Southwest Mandarin,Jianghuai Mandarin and Southwest Mandarin.The changes in finals fall on two types.On the one hand,Zhongyuan Mandarin in contact with Jianghuai Mandarin,or vice verse,brings to the pronunciation changes of finals,which mainly fall not only on a set of words composed of initials represented by 'Zhi' and 'Zhang' read in labiodental sounds,but also on a set of words composed of initials represented by 'Ming' and finals represented by 'Yu' and 'Tong'.However,either Zhongyuan Mandarin in contact with Southwest Mandarin or Jianghuai Mandarin in contact with Southwest Mandarin brings no change in the pronunciation of finals.Except the Shaanxi Guanzhong dialect still remaining its tone in Jiangkou Town,Ningshan County,Ankang City,the tone has transformed in other places investigated.As far as the transforming types,the tone pitch in the west of Shaanxi has transformed,such as in Chengguan dialects of Hantai District,Xixiang Town,Mian County,Lueyang County and other counties in Hanzhong City,but the tone category hasn't transformed.Both of the tone pitches and tone categories in the southeast of Shaanxi have changed,for example,in Xianhe Town,Hanbin District,Ankang City,in Chengguan Town of Ningshan County,in Chengguan Town of Shiquan County,in Chengguan Town of Langao County,in the north of Zhenping County,and in Chengguan Town of Zhen'an County,Shangluo City.Tone pitches has completely transformed into ones of the dialect being contacted with.For example,tones have changed from tones of Jianghuai Mandarin into tones of Southwest Mandarin in some places such as the Ningshan County,Shiquan County,and Langao County,each of which are located in the southeast of Shaanxi Province,and the north of Zhenping County.Definitely,some new tone pitches really come into being in Chengguan Town of Hantai District,in Chengguan Town of Xixiang County,in Chengguan Town of Mian County,in Chengguan Town of Lueyang County,in Chengguan Town of Baihe County,in Xianhe Town of Hanbin District,and in Chengguan Town of Zhen'an County,Shangluo City.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目“陕南方言的历史层次研究”(10XYY0005);; 安康学院项目“陕南方言研究”(008AKXY003)、“旬阳方言语音研究”(AYQDRW201224);; 陕西省教育厅科研计划项目“语言接触视角下的安康方言语法特征研究”(12JK0417)
【CateGory Index】: H172.2
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【Citations】
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