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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural University》 1986-01
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AN ANALYSIS OF VIRULENCE FREQUENCIES OF WHEAT POWDERY MILDEW IN ANHUI PROVINCE

Zhu Jianxiang Ji Boheng  
By use of the slightly modified method of virulence frequency developed by Wolfe and Schwarzbach, the samples of the populations of Erysiphe graminis collected in five defferent regions in Anhui province in 1983 and 1984 with several sampling methods were tested on 2 sets of host cultivars with identified and unidentified resistance genes for virulence frequencies of the mildew and similar results were obtained in the 2 years.Similar structures of the mildew populations in the different regions in our province were found:virulent genes V1, V3a, V3b, V3c, V5 are common (40% in frequency), and V2, V4 and gene combinations V2+Vmld, V2+V6, V4+? are rare(6% in frequency); The most of the pothogen populations are avirulent to Lovin 10, kavkaz derived from Secale cereale and to the other types of resistance source,such as kenqui e 1, Qian hua 4 and so on.In the region of Hefei, resistant behavior of the adult plants of the tested cultivars was observed and the constitutional cause of the mildew population in the province are discussed here; the application value of the resistance genes (combinations) and the other resistance sources we tested are estimated. Some problems which must be noticed and some suggestions in the breeding of resistence to wheat powdery mildew in the province are proposed.
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