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《大气和海洋科学快报(英文版)》 2014-06
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Interdecadal and Interannnual Variabilities of the Antarctic Oscillation Simulated by CAM3

XUE Feng;SUN Dan;ZHOU Tian-Jun;The International Center for Climate and Environment Sciences (ICCES),Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;The State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG),Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Beijing Meteorological Bureau;  
Based on four sets of numerical simulations prescribed with atmospheric radiative forcing and sea surface temperature(SST) forcing in the Community Atmospheric Model version 3(CAM3), the interannual and interdecadal variabilities of the Antarctic oscillation(AAO) during austral summer were studied. It was found that the interannual variability is mainly driven by SST forcing. On the other hand, atmospheric radiative forcing plays a major role in the interdecadal variability. A cooling trend was found in the high latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere(SH) when atmospheric radiative forcing was specified in the model. This cooling trend tended to enhance the temperature gradient between the mid and high latitudes in the SH, inducing a transition of the AAO from a negative to a positive phase on the interdecadal timescale. The cooling trend was also partly weakened by the SST forcing, leading to a better simulation compared with the purely atmospheric radiative forcing run. Therefore, SST forcing cannot be ignored, although it is not as important as atmospheric radiative forcing.
【Fund】: supported by the Carbon Budget and Related Issues of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA05110201);; the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB951901)
【CateGory Index】: P435
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