Simulated Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Climate Change in China during the Han Dynasty(1–200 A.D.)
YAN Qing;ZHANG Zhong-Shi;WEI Ting;Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, UniResearch;Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences;
In this study, a 2000-year simulation forced by transient, external forcings is carried out with the Community Earth System Model. The authors investigate the spatiotemporal features of climate change in the Han Dynasty(1–200 A.D.) using the empirical orthogonal function(EOF) method. The leading EOF mode of the annual mean temperature anomalies shows a uniform variation of temperature over the whole of China, while the second EOF mode indicates opposite variations of temperature between western and eastern China. For the annual mean precipitation anomalies, the first EOF mode indicates a meridional dipole pattern over eastern China, with increased(decreased) precipitation to the south of the Yangtze River and decreased(increased) precipitation to the north. The leading mode of the 850 h Pa winds and sea level pressure in summer exhibits a southwesterly(northeasterly) anomaly over South China, which is associated with a strengthened(reduced) meridional sea level pressure gradient. Compared to reconstructions, the model can capture the majority of features of climate changes in the Han Dynasty, though it underestimates the magnitude.