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《大气和海洋科学快报(英文版)》 2017-02
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An enhanced influence of sea surface temperature in the tropical northern Atlantic on the following winter ENSO since the early 1980s

CHEN Shang-Feng;WU Renguang;Center for Monsoon System Research,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Previous studies have revealed a connection between springtime sea surface temperature(SST) in the tropical northern Atlantic(TNA) and the succeeding wintertime El Nino-Southern Oscillation(ENSO).The present analysis demonstrates that the linkage between springtime TNA SST and the following ENSO experiences an obvious interdecadal change around the early 1980 s,with the connection being weak before but significant after.After the early 1980 s,springtime positive TNA SST anomalies induce an anomalous cyclone over the northeastern subtropical Pacific and an anomalous Walker circulation with a descending branch over the tropical central-eastern Pacific.This leads to anomalous cold SST in the northeastern Pacific and an anomalous anticyclone over the western-central tropical Pacific,with anomalous easterlies to the equatorward side.As such,springtime TNA SST anomalies are followed by wintertime ENSO after the early 1980 s.In contrast,before the early 1980 s,anomalous cold SST in the northeastern Pacific and related anomalous easterlies over the western-central tropical Pacific are weak,corresponding to springtime positive TNA SSTanomalies and resulting in a weak linkage between springtimeTNA SSTand the succeeding wintertime ENSO.Further investigation implies that the change in the TNA SST-ENSO relationship is probably due to a change in springtime mean precipitation over the tropical Atlantic and South America.
【Fund】: supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China[grant numbers 41530425 and 41605050];; the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[grant number2015M581151]
【CateGory Index】: P732
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