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《Journal of Safety and Environment》 2010-01
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Hydrogen-sulfide removing capability and the product of bio-trickling to be filtered with Xanthomonas sp.

GE Jie,ZHANG Cheng-zhong,LIU Li-zhong,LEI Bei (School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering,Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology,Xi'an 710055,China)  
The purpose of the present paper is to introduce our study results of the hydrogen-sulfide removing power by using the xanthomonas sp.as sulfur oxidation bacteria in a continuous glass column bioreactor with a diameter of 90 mm and an effective packing height of 200 mm.As is known, hydrogen sulfide (H_2S) is an extremely high toxic odor that is produced naturally during the natural cyclic movement and harmful to human activities as well as to the other living organisms.It is just for its detrimental nature that it is ruled as one of the most serious items in the emission control regulation known as GB 14554-93 in China.In order to find out the film-forming characteristics, we have done investigations with the starting time of Xanthomona sp.by using its pressure drop and biofilm biomass.In proceeding with our research, we have done regular removing simulation experiments, measured the continuous operation, and pH changes of its nutrient solution.Experiments show that the uniform distribution of Xanthomonas sp.on the filler surface in 4d time is about 1.2-1.3 mg/g.At the H_2S gas concentrations of the following 2 000 mg/m~3 , while maintaining 1 L/min flowrate, the removing rate can be made higher than 90.5% with EC 43.23 g/(m~3·h), After that, in the following 5 156 mg/m , on the condition of maintaining 1 L/min flowrate, the removing rate can also be made higher than 53.2% with EC being 59.73 g/(m~3·h).Keeping well-fed, no downward trend can be found with the pH values between 5-7 in every other 10 days.Under the weak acid conditions, corrosion of the trickling filter and pipeline can be found a bit reduced with yellowish granular particle subsidences left over in the nutrient solution. Whereas the granular particle size is usually 3.161-31.90 μm, the principal components are C, 11.42%, O, 18.19%, S, 15.85%, respectively, which can be seen by the surface energy spectrum analysis. In addition, X-ray diffraction analysis of the main dry powder form of material existence, the granular particle is found of single-S quality.Thus, by means of natural subsidence, filtering, low-speed centrifugation, the product of S can be made recycling easily.In addition, Xanthomonas sp.proves to be feasible be used in bio-trickling reactor to remove H_2S in the weak acid condition with the product of single-S quality.
【CateGory Index】: X172
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