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《Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering》 2013-03
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Advantages of Underground Engineering in Protecting Ecological Environment

Song Jian,Liu Lin,Fan Yunyun(College of Resources and Civil Engineering,Northeastern University,Shenyang 110004,China)  
As protecting the ecological environment is an important strategy of the sustainable socio-economic development,this paper starts from the analysis on many negative effects caused by social and economic development such as vegetation destruction,air pollution and soil erosion.Based on domestic and international cases of underground works in improving the ecological environment,the advantages of tunnel transport in big cities,mountainous terrain and river and water areas for protecting ecological environment are deeply analyzed and discussed.The results show that tunneling and underground space utilization can reduce the environmental pollution caused by vehicles and the destruction of mountain vegetation,ensure all-weather smooth running of traffic without affecting the waterway shipping,and improve the efficiency of land use and urban defense capability to resist natural disasters and spoils of war.The practice shows that the utilization of underground space such as tunnel engineering is one of the most effective ways to protect the ecological environment for achieving sustainable economic development.
【Fund】: 中央高校基本科研业务专项资金(N110301005);; 水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室开放研究基金资助课题(sklhse-2011-B-05)
【CateGory Index】: TU91;U451;X322
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