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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2005-01
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3-D Nonlinear Analysis of the Temperature Field of an Adjustable Ventilated Embankment in Qinghai-Tibet Railway

LI Guo-yu~(1), LI Ning~(1,2), QUAN Xiao-juan~(1), YANG Li|ming~(3) (1.State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; 2.Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Xian University of Technology, Xian Shaanxi 710048, China; 3.Gansu Provincial 2nd Highway and Bridge Engineering Co. Ltd., Lanzhou Gansu 730050, China)  
The adjustable ventilated embankment, which is adopted in the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, is one of the ideal engineering measures to protect a warm frozen soil. In this paper, Finite Element Method has been used to operate a numerical analysis of 3-D temperature field and to make a comparison between the ordinary ventilated embankment and the adjustable ventilated embankment. It is found that the adjustable ventilated embankment can prevent the thermal entry from air into the ducts and the thawing of the permafrost beneath the embankment during summer, and that the location of 0 ℃ isotherm of the adjustable ventilated embankment is higher than that of the ordinary ventilated embankment in summer. The permafrost table of the adjustable ventilated embankment rises significantly. The permafrost underlying the embankment is protected better. Also the thawing bulb does not appear in summer. In addition, the time that the mean temperature of the permafrost underlying the adjustable ventilated embankment decreases below {-1} ℃ is much earlier than that underlying the ordinary ventilated embankment. These indicate that the cooling effect of the adjustable ventilated embankment on permafrost is better than that of the ordinary ventilated embankment.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZCX1 SW 04)资助
【CateGory Index】: U213.1
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