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《Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology》 2011-01
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July Temperature at the Upper Treeline Recorded in the Tree-Ring in the Headwaters of the rümqi River

CHEN Feng1,YUAN Yu-jiang1,WEI Wen-shou1,WANG Li-li2, YU Shu-long1,LI Yang1,ZHANG Rui-bo1,FAN Zi-ang1(1.Institute of Desert Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration,Key Laboratory of Tree-ring Ecology of Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region,Key Laboratory of Tree-ring Physical and Chemical Research of China Meteorological Administration,Xinjiang ürümqi 830002,China;2.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100101,China)  
Using tree rings of Picea schrenkiana sampled from the upper treeline in the headwaters of the rümqi River,21 tree-ring density series were developed,and then the earlywood density(EWD) chronology was established.Analyzing the characteristics of the chronologies and their respond to climate factors,the EWD chronology was found that correlates at 0.651 with the anomaly of maximum mean temperature in July over the period 1959—2006,which explained 42.4% of the variance in the reconstruction(F=33.805,P0.0001).According to the temperature reconstruction in the headwaters of the rümqi river,the anomaly of mean maximum temperature over the period 1623—2006 was 0.37 ℃.The temperature reconstruction has a good response to the history records,temperature reconstructions from tree-ring and glacial change.The results reveal the common climatic extremes and climate change over Northwest China.Many of these events have had profound impacts on the peoples over the past several centuries,for example the 1640s great drought.Multitaper spectral analysis indicates that there were some low-and high-frequency cycles with the periods of 192 a,29.3 a,6.8 a,4.3 a,4 a,3.7 a,2.3 a and 2.1 a.Abrupt change of temperature occurred in 1645,1665,1726,1807,1833,1855,1878,1929 and 1954.
【Fund】: 科技部公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200806011);科技部科技基础性工作专项(2007FY220200);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40975056);国家自然科学重大基金项目(40890051);; 中国气象局新技术推广项目(CMATG2008Z13);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(IDM200601 IDM200801);; 新疆气象局青年基金项目“塔城东部树轮密度对温度响应研究”;; 新疆维吾尔自治区树木年轮生态重点实验室开放基金(XJYS0911-2009-01)资助
【CateGory Index】: P532
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