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The Relationship Between Zhen Dexiu and Neo-Confucianism:under the Background of an Imperial Edict Drafter

Xu Haoran;School of Humanity and Social Sciences,Xi'an Jiaotong University;  
In the Song Dynasty,Neo-Confucians and imperial edict drafters were two groups of scholarbureaucrats with long-term cultural differences. In the late Southern-Song Dynasty,with the official recognition of Neo-Confucianism,the philosophy of Neo-Confucianism and the Ci-poetics of imperial edict drafters began to become integrated. With the status of an imperial edict drafter,Zhen Dexiu( 真德秀) highly advocated Neo-Confucianism and became the key figure in the revival of Neo-Confucianism. However,if we investigate the actual relationship between Neo-Confucianism and Zhen Dexiu under his background as an imperial edict drafter,we can find that he started his political career in the officialdom when he passed the Cike( 词科)Imperial Examination and became an imperial edict drafter,and then got promoted with the guidance and support of Prime Minister Han Tuozhou( 韩侂胄) who was the leader of the group of officials in opposition to Neo-Confucians represented by Zhu Xi( 朱熹),thus having great difference from Neo-Confucianism. After Han Tuozhou's death,Zhen began to advocate Neo-Confucianism owing to political demand,and as a result,he entered into Guange( 馆阁) but found it hard to integrate himself culturally with the philosophy of NeoConfucianism. And then, Zhen retired to local society and turned to really accept Neo-Confucianism culturally. However,Zhen still had divergence with pure Neo-Confucians. In Zhen's cultural stance,the Cipoetics of imperial edict drafters and the philosophy of Neo-Confucianism were coexistent but contrary to each other. This situation lasted until his return to the imperial court to serve as a Hanlin academician( 翰林学士).
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