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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2003-01
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Correlation between ear length and call frequency in Rhinolophus

ZHAO Hui-Hua ①② ZUO Ming-Xue② LIANG Bing① ZHANG Xin-Wen ①③ ZHANG Shu-Yi ①** (① Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China) (② College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China) (③ Division of Science and Equipment, Hainan Normal College, Haikou 571158, China)  
Echolocation calls of 10 Chinese rhinolophid species were recorded to investigate the relationship between morphology and echolocation signals. All horseshoe bats use FM-CF-FM calls. Rhinolophus rex calls at 23.7 kHz, the lowest frequency in this genus. Call frequency was not correlated with body mass (P=0.200, 9 species). Close negative relationships were found between call frequency and ear length (r=-0.942, P0.001) and also between call frequency and forearm length (r=-0.696, P0.05). Residual analysis was carried out to remove the influence of other morphological features. After calculating ear length, forearm length residuals were not significantly related to call frequency (r=-0.095, P=0.808). The significance of the correlation between ear length and call frequency was slightly lowered (r=-0.642, P=0.062) after “removing” the influence of forearm length. Ear length, therefore, was a better predictor of call frequency than forearm length [Acta Zoologica Sinica 49(1):128-133,2003].
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金委员会基金 (No .30 0 2 5 0 0 7和No .30 0 70 10 8);; 中国科学院创新项目及其重要创新方向 (KSCX2-1- 0 3)基金资助~~
【CateGory Index】: Q62
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