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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2002-06
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Activity Patterns of Captive Musk Deer (Moschus sifanicus) during Postrut

MENG Xiu\|Xiang ①\ YANG Qi\|Sen ①\ FENG Zuo\|Jian ①\ XIA Lin ① JIANG Ying\|Wen ②\ WANG Pei\|Min ② (①Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences\ Beijing\ 100080; ②Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve\ Yuzhong, Gansu\ 730117,China)  
The post\|rut activity patterns of 46 captive musk deer were studied at Xinglongshan National Nature Reserve, Gansu Province during Jan.2001.Some animals had been captured from the wild at different ages and some were born in captivity.Four behavioral states,standing and locomotion(SL),feeding(FE),ruminating(RU) and bedding(BE) were observed using scan sampling with a 3 minute sampling interval.Sampling was conducted with 10×50° binoculars.The activity rhythm of captive musk deer appeared to be multi\|modal,namely there were noon and midnight peaks of activity, as well as the well\|known dawn and dusk peaks.Activity peaks were influenced by environmental temperature and individual physiological state.In response to lower night\|time temperatures and to conserve energy during the post\|rut period(mid\|winter),musk deer showed higher activity levels during the day and lower at night,with bedding behavior showing hte reverse pattern.Pregnant females,namely C\-2(2\^5-5\^5 years old) showed lower activity than younger (C 1) and older females(C\-3).For females,age and experience of rutting had a strong influence upon their activity patterns(rhythm).The activity peaks of females and males were not synchronous.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目 (No .39870 137) ;; 中国科学院“九五”重大项目 (No .KZ95 1 A1 10 5 )
【CateGory Index】: Q492
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