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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2007-01
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Digestive Tract Morphology in Three Rodent Species

LIU Jin-Song ①②③ SUN Ru-Yong③ WANG De-Hua ②* (① School of Life and Environmental Sciences,Wenzhou University,Wenzhou 325027; ② State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents,Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080; ③ Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering,College of Life Sciences,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
The animals’ gut morphology is closed related to food habit,food quality and energy need.In order to investigate the relationship between food habits and digestive tract morphology,the lengths of gastrointestinal tracts of three species of rodents with different food habits were compared.Gray Red-backed Vole (Clethrionomys rufocanus),Large Japanese Field Mouse (Apodemus speciosus) and Striped Field Mouse (A.agrarius) were live-trapped in the forest regions at Nehe County,Heilongjiang Province in June 2002. The entire digestive tract of animals were removed,carefully stripped the connective tissues and lipids,then extended to their full length on a dissecting plate with physiological saline,and the lengths of stomach,small intestine,large intestine,and caecum were measured to the nearest 1 mm and weighed to the nearest 0.1 mg.In order to remove the effect of body mass,analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data,using body mass as the covariate,and followed by least significant difference (LSD) multiple comparisons.We found significant differences in the length,mass with content and dry mass of total gut,stomach length,length,mass with content and dry mass of small intestine and caecum,and the mass without content and dry mass of large intestine among these species.The strict herbivores,C. rufocanus, had the largest length and/or mass of total alimentary,small intestine,caecum and large intestine.Our results suggest that the hind gut be more important to herbivorous than to granivorous/omnivorous rodents and can be a relative reliable indicator for food habits.C.rufocanus,A. speciosus and A.agrarius can coexist through the separation of food resource and changing the digestive tract morphology for adaptation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目部分资助(No.30470279)
【CateGory Index】: Q954.58
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