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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2007-01
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Fish Species Diversity and Conservation in the Aquatic Nature Reserve of the Huaisha-Huaijiu Rivers,Beijing

XING Ying-Chun ①② ZHAO Ya-Hui ① LI Gao-Yan ①③ WANG Yu-Feng② ZHANG Chun-Guang ①* WANG Bao-Li④ CHANG Bao-Quan④ ZHANG Li-Jun④ HU Ya-Jun④ (① Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100080; ② Life Sciences College,Huazhong Normal University,Wuhan 430079; ③ Graduate School,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049;④ The Station of Fishery Supervisory Management,Huairou,Beijing 101400,China)  
The Huaisha-Huaijiu Rivers flow separately into the Huairou Reservoir,which is an important source of drinking water for the city of Beijing.The rivers plus the reservoir together comprise the first Aquatic Nature Reserve in Beijing.Field studies on the wild fish resources of these rivers were conducted from March 2004 to February 2005,with a resulting count of 24 species of the freshwater fish belonging to 24 genera,11 families and 6 orders.Most species are cyprinids with small bodies living in the streams.In both rivers,the areas immediately adjacent to the reservoir possess the highest levels of fish species diversity,perhaps due to the edge effects from the different habitats.Fish species diversity is higher in spring and summer than in other two seasons.In addition,the level of fish resources (population level) in Huaijiu River is higher than in Huaisha River.This is mainly attributed to the high population levels at the Xisiduhe site.To ensure productive long-term use the Huaisha and Huaijiu Rivers and the Huairou reservoir,their aquatic resources should be protected while developing the local economy.
【Fund】: 国家基础科学人才培养基金(No.NSFC-J0030092);; 北京城市建城区生物多样性现状评价及其保护规划项目
【CateGory Index】: S863
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