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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2007-01
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Effect of Temperature on Incubation and Thermal Tolerance of the Chinese Forest Frog

WANG Li-Zhi ①② LI Xiao-Chen① ( ①College of Life Sciences,Shaanxi Normal University, Xi′an 710062; ②Department of Life Sciences,Shaanxi Institute of Education, Xi′an 710061, China)  
Eggs of the Chinese Frest Frog (Rana chensinensis) collected from the wild immediately after they were laid out and were incubated at five different temperatures,10℃,15℃,20℃,25℃,and 30℃ in the condition of photoperiod 14L∶10D,and 85% moisture.The cultivation period lasted 10 days.Incubation periods at each temperature level,incubation ratio,thermal threshold of development,accumulative temperature,survival rate,preferred temperature,avoidance temperature and lethal thermal temperature of tadpole incubated were recorded after 3 days incubation.Linear regression methods and direct optimum methods were used to calculate the thermal thresholds of development and accumulative incubation temperature.The incubation ratio was significantly influenced by temperature,and the survival rate decreased with the increase of incubation temperature.The body-tail length of tadpoles was significantly influenced by the incubation temperature.The thermal thresholds of development were 0.51℃ or 0.38℃.Accumulative temperature for the incubation were 65.29℃·day or 65.52℃·day.The result of direct optimum method is better than that of linear regression method.The preferred temperature of the Chinese Forest Frog tadpoles incubated 10 days under incubation temperature were 13.2±1.6℃,15.7±1.9℃,17.3±2.1℃ and 19.5±2.3℃; avoidance temperature were 28.8±1.4℃,30.2±1.6℃,31.6±1.3℃ and 33.1±1.8℃,lethal thermal temperature were 32.9±1.7℃,33.8±1.5℃,35.2±1.2℃ and 36.7±0.9℃,respectively. The preferred temperature,avoidance temperature and lethal thermal temperature of tadpoles derived from eggs incubated for 10 days at 10℃,15℃,20℃ and 25℃ were significantly influenced by temperature.
【Fund】: 陕西省自然科学基金项目(No.98H16);; 陕西师范大学研究生培养创新基金资助项目
【CateGory Index】: Q954.4
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