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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 2017-01
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Population Census of Migration and Breeding Red-crowned Crane(Grus japonensis) in the Xingkai Lake, China

MA Zhi-Long;JIN Xin;ZENG Chao-Hui;LIU Hua-Jin;LI Tian-Fang;WANG Qiang;ZHOU Xue-Hong;College of Wildlife Resource, Northeast Forestry University;Beijing Natural History Museum;Heilongjiang District Administration of Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve;Heilongjiang Rescue and Breeding Center of Endangered Wildlife;The Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment,Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
As an important migration stopover and breeding site for migratory waterbirds flyway in Asia-Pacific, the Xingkai Lake in southeast Heilongjiang(Fig. 1) is the important wetland for the conservation of Red-crowned Crane(Grus japonensis). From 2012 to 2014, using the methods of point and the transect sampling, we investigated the population number of the Red-crowned Crane at the Xingkai Lake National Natural Reserve in the migration season(spring and autumn) and breeding season(summer). The numbers of Red-crowned Crane were stable during migration seasons in these 3 years, with 51﹣84 cranes in springs and 178﹣213 cranes in autumns; however, the breeding numbers dropped from 105 cranes in 2012 to 83 cranes in 2014(Table 1). The autumn number of Red-crowned Crane from local breeding population increased, with 15 cranes and 9 cranes in 2013 and 2014, respectively.
【Key Words】: Wetland Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis Migration Breeding
【Fund】: 黑龙江省青年科学基金项目(No.2013C037)
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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