Distribution and Conservation Status of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper in China
PENG He-Bo;CHOI Chi-Yeung;ZHANG Lin;GAN Xiao-Jing;LIU Wen-Liang;LI Jing;CHIANG Chong-You;WANG Song-Lin;MA Zhi-Jun;Institute of Biodiversity Science, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University;Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen;School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland;Shanghai Birding Tour;28 Rosary Crescent, Highgate Hill;School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University;Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Shanghai) Environment Protection Technology Co., ltd.;Center for Tropical Ecology and Biodiversity, Tunghai University;
The Spoon-billed Sandpiper(Calidris pygmaea) is one of the critically threatened birds in the world. According to field surveys and historical data collection, we reviewed population censusand distribution of the spoon-billed sandpipers in China, and found that the sandpipers have been recorded in all the administrative divisions along China′s coasts including Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan(Fig. 1). The mudflats at Dongtai and Rudong in Jiangsu Province are the two largest stopover sites for the spoon-billed sandpipers, with the largest recorded number of one survey being 144 at Dongtai and 103 at Rudong. Leizhou peninsular in Guangdong and Minjiang River estuary in Fujian were the two largest wintering sites(Table 1). The major threats to the spoon-billed sandpipers include habitat loss and degradation, illegal hunting, human disturbance, and environmental pollution. This paper also provided targeted conservation suggestions for the conservation of the spoon-billed sandpipers. To conserve Spoon-billed Sandpipers, we propose following conservation suggestions: 1) To reinforce the protection and management of habitat at key stopover and non-breeding sites; 2) To promote public education of ecosystem services provided by intertidal mudflats; 3) To strengthen the survey and study of the bird in China; 4) To embolden the collaboration and information exchange between corresponding agencies from different regions.
【Fund】： 国家重点基础研发计划课题(No.2013CB430404);; Bird Life International;; 国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.31572280)
【CateGory Index】： Q958
【CateGory Index】： Q958