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Autobiographical Memories of Shame:A Comparative Study in the Context of Cultural Differences of Self

ZHANG Zhifeng1,GAO Jun1,QIAN Mingyi1,WANG Aimin2,ZHANG Lili1,WANG Zhiyan11.Department of Psychology,Peking University,Beijing 100871;2.Department of Educational Psychology,Miami University,Oxford,Ohio 45056  
The main objective was to compare the emotion of shame under Chinese culture and American culture,based on the self theory of Markus and Kitayama.There were 69 Chinese collage students and 65 American collage students involved in this study.Each subject was asked to recall one shameful event he or she experienced.Then based on the theoretical hypothesis and characters of these shameful autobiographical memories,a coding scheme was developed.All autobiographical memories were coded according to the scheme.The main results are as follows: 1) the shameful autobiographical memories of Chinese subjects were more specific than those of the American subjects';2) compared with those of the American subjects,Chinese subjects' autobiographical memories contained more interpersonal contents;and 3) compared with the American subjects,Chinese subjects reported more shameful autobiographical memories happened in the period of childhood and adolescence,in the places of school and with teachers' comments on the events.
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