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《Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis》 2015-04
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Relationship between Shrubs Distribution and Slope: A Case Study in Mountains of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

WANG Tao;HAO Qian;LIU Hongyan;College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes (MOE),Peking University;  
Shrublands in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region were selected to unveil relationships between the area percentage of shrubland and the slope angle. Gridded data of vegetation and slope angle were correlated for the whole region as well as different climatic regimes with piecewise regression analysis. The results show that there is a tipping point on the fitted curve between percentage of shrubs and slope angle, instead of a monotonous linear fit. On gentle slopes, percentage of shrubs increases with the increase of slope angle, which might be caused by the decrease of human cultivation. On steep slopes, there are divergent patterns, percentage of shrublands except that dominated by Vitex negundo var. heterophylla and Zizyphus jujuba var. spinosa decreases with the increase of slope angle, which might be caused by resource limitation. Percentage of this shrubland type does not show trend of decline with slope angle increase, which might be caused by its distribution on low elevations and its adaptation to varied habitats. In addition, the tipping point mostly fixes around 15 degree of slope angle when the region is taken as a whole; it changes under different climatic regimes.
【Fund】: 中国科学院科技战略性先导计划(XDA05050301)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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