Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Social Sciences of Beijing》 2015-09
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

The Origin of Movable Type Printing

ZHENG Ye-fu;Department of Sociology,Peking University;  
This article investigates the origin of movable type in both Asia and Europe. During the Song Dynasty Bi Sheng invented movable type printing. This article argues that the reasons why movable type did not advance and spread in printing by replacing with the woodblock printing in China are not aesthetic preference,lack of ink technology,and / or high fixed cost,but economically calculation-based choice.Following the principles of cost-balance and preferring to do easy work rather than hard work,the shortage of workers cutting a woodblock made movable type chosen in Korea. It was very possible that the information on movable type printing in China and Korea diffused into Europe. Inspired by woodblock printing,it was also very possible that people using alphabetic character invented movable type printing,at that time,there was a high demand of books and documents in Europe. With the lead types,Gutenberg' s movable-type printing system had special advantages over other movable-type printing systems. Book printing market in China had two supporting points: the imperial power and society,and it was monopolized by aristocracy in Korea; in Europe,however,from the beginning of the book printing,there was a strong commercial nature. Merchant,commodity,freeman,voluntary organizations,the spread of ideas and the formation of the mechanism of early capitalism all together resulted in the fascinating consequences of Gutenberg ' s movable-type printing in Europe.
【CateGory Index】: TS811-09
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 XIANG Xuan(The Institute of Qing History,Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872,China);The Buddhas Ⅲ of Yonghegong Lama Temple and the Bronze Type of Gujin Tushu Jicheng[J];Journal of Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication;2012-05
2 SU Yong-qiang(Chinese Institute,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China);The Continual Investigation of Yuanzhen's Mole[J];Academic Journal of Jinyang;2006-01
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Zheng-ke(School of Politics and Law,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu Anhui 241003,China);On Initial Transformation of Literati to Intellectuals during Period of Westernization Movement[J];Journal of Anhui Normal University(Hum.& Soc.Sci.);2010-06
2 Shen Ming;Conceptions of Intellectual Ownership and Publication System in the Era of Pre-copyright[J];Peking University Law Reivew;2006-00
3 SHENG Zhao-xin;On the Value-involvement of Comparative Education Research[J];Comparative Education Review;2006-10
4 CHEN Hongjie;On Advanced Knowledge and Higher Education[J];Peking University Education Review;2006-04
5 LIU Yunshan;Farewell to the Tower of Babel:China's Social Science into the World[J];Peking University Education Review;2011-02
6 LI Chunping;From Guoxue to Zhongxue:Institutionalizing Chinese Traditional Learning[J];Peking University Education Review;2011-02
7 GUO Wenge;The Outline of Education History:The Media Technology Perspective[J];Peking University Education Review;2011-03
8 WANG Kai-wen (College of Physical Education, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, Shandong China);Historical Origin of Korean Archery and Its Present Development[J];Journal of Beijing University of Physical Education;2004-10
9 XING Ya-zhen(Section of Social Sciences,Shanghai Fisheries University,Shanghai,China 200090);Intellectuals and Academic Specialization[J];Journal of Baoji University of Arts and Sciences(Social Science Edition);2007-04
10 HU Fu-sheng(Arts and Sciences Electronic Press of Beijing,Beijing 102600,China);The Innovation and Characteristic of "Illustrated Handbook of China Printing Phylogeny"[J];Journal of Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication;2009-05
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved