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《Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion》 2014-04
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Screening results of voluntary donors in Ningxia between 2010 and 2012

HAN Hainian;ZHANG Wei;ZHANG Qiaoyun;ZHENG Guoqin;Ningxia Blood Center;  
Objective To investigate the positive rate of unqualified donations from Ningxia area;to prevent and control diseases transmission by transfusion;and to explore the strategies that can reduce blood scrap rate.Methods The testing Results from 110 634 blood donations between July 2010 and June 2012 were analyzed retrospectively(1 Blood Center and 4 City blood stations).Results Totally,the screening reactive rate was 2.9%.As to ALT,HBsAg,anti-HCV,anti-HIV and syphilis,the unqualified rate were 1.39%,0.38%,0.38%,0.13% and 0.66%,respectively.The unqualified rates were statistically significant(P 0.05) between blood center and blood stations.From high to low,the unqualified rates were ALT syphilis HBsAg = anti-HCV(χ2= 0.38%) anti-HIV.Conclusion Increasing health consultation before blood donation,enhancing the effectiveness of ALT screening,establishing and consolidating a low-risk donors team,generating an antiHIV positive donors deferral system,are a few measures to improve the detection ability to ensure the blood safety with low blood discarding.
【CateGory Index】: R446.6
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