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《Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion》 2014-06
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Analysis of the results about irregular antibodies screening in patients in Yili

SHI Li;TIAN Xuemei;BTS of YiLizhou Friendship Hospital;  
Objectives To survey the distribution characteristics and status of the inspection of RBC irregular antibody among the multi-ethnic groups in Yili,and explore the significance of blood type irregular antibodies screening in clinical blood transfusion. Methods Four methods( method of brine,microcolumn gel,test tube and condensed amine) were used to screening and identify RBC irregular antibodies,and analyze the positive rate in multi-ethnic patents. Results A total of 19560 patients were tested during January 2009 to February 2012,and 108( 0. 552%) patients were irregular antibody positive. Among which the Uighur was 0. 716%,the Han was 0. 549%,and the Kazak was 0. 378%. When compared the antibody specificity between different subgroups,we found that female patients were higher than male( χ2= 19. 33,P 0. 05),and the Uighur patients were higher than the Kazak( χ2= 6. 35,P 0. 05) on the irregular antibody positive rate. Conclusion The distribution characteristics and the frequency of RBC irregular antibodies in Yili are similar to the literature( 0. 3% ~ 2.0%). It's very important to test the irregular antibody before transfusion,especially to Uygur and Kazak patients,because they have a high risk to be the RhD negative.
【CateGory Index】: R446.6
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