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Study on Prevention of Spontaneous Pneumothorax Recurrence by Intrapleural Instillation of Cryoprecipitate

Zhang Lingli,et al(Chinese PLA 264 Hospital)  
Objective:To inquire into the possibility of intrapleural instillation of cryoprecipitate to lower the recurrence rate of ipsilateral spontaneous pneumothorax.Methods:66 patients were recruited and randomly divided into the adhesion group of 34 patients and the control group of 32 patients over last three years.The adhesion group was treated by intrapleural instillation of cryoprecipitate in dosage of 2U which amounts to 40ml.The control group was treated only by closed intrapleural drainage.In the third year, that is,1996,the patients were followed up to examine their symptoms,physical signs,chest radiograph and pulmonary function.The average followup period was (23.6±91) months.Results:There was no obvious negative reaction in the patients treated by intrapleural instillation of cryoprecipitate and no pleural thickening on the chest radiograph.And there was no significant difference in pulmonary function test between 10 cases of idiopathic pneumothorax in the former group and 10 cases of idiopathic pneumothorax in the latter group when the time of follow up was more than one year(P005).The recurrence rate of pneumothorax in the former group and in the latter group was 6.9%(2/29) and 37%(10/27),respectively indicating that there was significant difference (P005).Conclusion: The intrapleural instillation of cryoprecipitate could significantly lower the recurrence rate of ipsilateral pneumothorax,and could not lead to restrictive pulmonary dysfunction.The mentioned above therapy can be applicable not only for treatment of idiopathic and primary pneumothorax,but also for treatment of secondary and recurrent pneumothorax.It also can be as alternative therapy for treatment of refractory pneumothorax,and for treatment of the weak and old patients with bad pulmonary function.
【CateGory Index】: R561.4R457.114
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