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The Inner Correspondence Between The Mentality of Scholars In SONG DynastyAnd The Mentality of Scholars

XU Hui( College of Arts, National University of Southern China, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China)  
Scholars are the main part of Chinese culture and their mentality has a critical effect on the development of literature. There is correspondence between the mentality of scholars of SONG Dynasty and Ci: the scholars of SONG Dynasty pays much attention to their inner heart and Ci has advantages in expressing one's emotions; the scholars of SONG Dynasty have contradictory mood which can't be said publicly and in the same time the contents of Ci are mainly gloomy moods expressed indirectly. Moreover, although Ci has the beautiful appearance, the scholars of SONG Dynasty think that the importance is to maintain tidiness after going through some untidy place. Therefore, the scholars of SONG Dynasty creates a new literature, filling their true feeling into Ci.
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