Theoretic and Method Innovation of Earth System Science
ZHANG Junmin(College of Earth and Environment Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China. Department of Geography, Teachers College, Shihezi University, Xingjiang 832003,China)
Earth system science (ESS) studies the systematic rule of the phenomenon, procession and changes on the earth. Theoretic innovation of ESS will advance the research level of the earth facial system in the guidance of systematic idea. Its innovation of methodology would lay the forward foundation based on the methodology founded on the integrated research and systematic synthesizing. The modern technology makes it true of theoretic and method innovation. Its basic position lay in the architectonics targeting the relationship of human-earth. Included fair theory of earth system; the principle of concerting between the integrity and decomposing; layering theory; self-resemble theory; self-organized theory; opening theory etc. its research procedure embodies the scientific privilege of the methodology. That is unifying of revert idea and integrate theory; unifying of qualitative and quantitative description; unifying of partial and whole generalization; unifying of certainty and uncertainty expression; unifying of analyzed and synthesized family, modern technology, especially the space and digital technology, will ultimately uphold the theoretic and method development.