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《Journal of Binzhou Medical University》 2017-01
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Clinical features and efficacy of extremely low birth weight infants

MIAO Jing;ZHANG Yingying;WANG Jiangbo;ZHANG Ying;GUO Xiaohui;Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit,Binzhou People's Hospital;  
Objective To analyze the clinical features and efficacy of extremely low birth weight infants(ELBWI).MethodsRetrospective analysis was conducted using clinical data of ELBWI admitted in our hospital between November 2010 and September 2016.Results Rate of survival in 215 cases was 44.2%(95/215),the mortality was 55.8%(120/215),and treatment was abandoned in 23.2%(50/215).The main complications were apnea,neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS)and pathological jaundice.Among the 120 ELBWI deceased,causes that led to mortality were abandon of treatment(50cases),NRDS(40cases),septicemia(15cases),necrotizing enterocolitis(5case),pulmonary hemorrhage(5case),and intracranial hemorrhage(5case).There were significant differences in the mortality between different birth weight groups and gestational age groups(χ2=32.755,20.289,P0.05).Conclusion ELBWI have many severe complications and low survial rates.There is a certain relationship between the mortality and the abandon of treatment.The morbidities could be influenced by many factors which should be managed comprehensively.
【CateGory Index】: R722.1
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