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《Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition)》 2011-05
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Application of the Freezing Period Hydrodynamics and Water Quality Model to Water Pollution Accident in Songhua River

SUN Shao-chen1,2,WEI Huai-bin3,XIAO Wei-hua2,ZHOU Zu-hao2,WANG Hao2,HE Hua-xiang2 1.School of Environmental Science & Engineering,Donghua University,Shanghai 201620,China 2.State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin,China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research,Beijing 100038,China 3.School of Hydraulic Engineering,North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power,Zhengzhou 450011,China  
For the freezing period of the Songhua River mainstream,the hydrodynamics and water quality model was built,which was modified depending on the characteristics of hydrological measurement data in icebound season of 2006 and 2007.The simulated result matched the measurement value very well.And then,this model was used to analyze the nitrobenzene pollution accident of Songhua River.Compared with the observed contamination concentration,the error of simulated value is from 5% to 13%,and the peak value appeared after a lag time of more than 2 hours.Finally,for the two cases of mass flux increased by 20% or reduced by 5%,water quality was further investigated.The simulation result shows that the increased flux leads to the peak value of nitrobenzene appearing on the Baidu River section two hours early and reduced by 15%;the reduced flux leads to the peak value of nitrobenzene appearing six hours later and increased by 4.6%.
【Fund】: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2008ZX07207-006);; 国家自然科学基金创新群体项目(51021006);; “十一·五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2007BAB28B01)
【CateGory Index】: X522;P334.92
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