Analysing the Humanity Environment of Science and Technology History of Chinese Surveying and Mapping during Last Years of Ming Dynasty and First Years of Qing Dynasty-The Missionaries and the Development of Science and Technology History of Chine
NIU Ru-chen(Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing,100039)
Reviewed Chinese science and technology history of surveying and mapping during the last years of Ming dynasty and the first years of Qing dynasty, analysised the influence on Chinese surveying and mapping made by western missionaries and science and technology exchange activities during this period. Deeply inquiried the humanity environment and social background of the development history of Chinese surveying and mapping. Listed the full course, achievements and use methods of Chinese national maps' surveying and drawing made by the cooperation with the western missionaries during the first years of Qing dynasty. On this basis, deeply anslysised the reasons on how can Chinese science and technology of surveying and mapping made such great achievement in this period. In the meantime, also pointed out why the Chinese science and technology of surveying and mapping lagged behind the world after that period in the history.
【CateGory Index】： P20