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POLICY OPTIONS FOR THE RESOLUTION OF INVOLUNTARY RESETTLEMENTS DUE TO HYDRO-PROJECTS IN THE CONTEXT OF URBANIZATION IN CHINA——A CASE STUDY FROM LONGTAN RESERVOIR

XIAO Ping,QIN Chao-jun(College of Economic and Management,China Three Gorges University,Yichang 443002,China)  
Involuntary resettlements duo to grand hydro-projects are the consequence of urbanization.Therefore,the issue should be analyzed,resolved in the context of urbanization.The metropolitan area in the east China should be one of major bases for resettlements duo to hydro-projects.There is possibility to move these migrants out,either the ecological condition and social-economic development in the areas from which migrants come("pull" side),or the demand for labor in the metropolitan area in the eastern China("push" side).There are a lot of researches dealing with these two sides respectively.The purpose of this paper tries to link the two sides and provide an operational measure through an integrated perspective to synthesize these references.Through the case of Longtan Reservoir,a package of welfare policies and a financial evaluation in the extreme condition(full urban resettlement for all agricultural migrants) are provided to show that full resettlement in the context of urbanization is also sufficient.The package of welfare is made of social security,9 year financial aid for children education,and low renting housing system.Based on the analysis,some issues are further discussed:non-agricultural resettlement for agricultural migrants,threshold for admission to obtain urban identification(Hukou) and low renting housing system,professional and employment training for migrants,and shifts from two different resettlement ways(non-agricultural and agricultural).
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