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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2007-01
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Investigation of Quarternary Pollen and Spores Extraction Methods in North China

LI Yu1 WANG Nai-ang1 XU Qing-hai2 LI Yue-cong2 YANG Xiao-lan3 ZHANG Zhen-qing2 WEN Rui-lin4 (1. Key Laboratory of Western Environmental Systems(MOE), College of Resources and Environment, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000; 2. College of Resources and Environment, Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang 050016; 3. Hebei Geography Institute, Hebei Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050011; 4. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029)  
The extraction methods of Quaternary pollen and spores are the bases and precondition in Quaternary Palynology. Northern China is in particular physical geography environment. In Quaternary there are many different types of sediments in northern China. And at all times extraction methods of Quaternary pollen and spores from different type of sediments are the difficulties and highlights in North China. In this paper we choose 74 sediment samples which are from different types of sediment (Loess-paleosol sequence sediment samples, lake sediment samples, Aeolian sand samples, peat and bog samples, Archaeological samples and surface samples). Through our investigations in the laboratory, we have some conclusion about the extraction methods of Quaternary pollen and spores from different type of sediments. To the Loess-paleosol sequence sediment samples the HF treatment and sieving-analysis methods are effective, to be attention is the HF and HCl treatment are needed to be treated more times, and very time of treatment is need to wash to neutral. To lake sediments the HF treatment method is effective, but in North China there are many lakes in the arid area to these samples from arid lakes after HF treatment we should take another step which is heavy liquid methods. To Aeolian sand samples the HF treatment method and heavy liquid method are also effective. To peat and bog samples the heavy liquid method is effective, but some samples of the peat and bog after heavy liquid method we need use the sieving-analysis method to reduce impurity. To the archaeological samples, the first step is heavy liquid method and after that it is better to use the HF treatment method. To surface samples acid-alkali-free analysis is the best choice. In the end we discussed the use of the dispersant and HNO_3 and the using sequence of acid and alkali.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:40471138);; 教育部青年教师奖励计划(20050730030)共同资助。
【CateGory Index】: P534.63
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